First Degree Burn

  • First-degree burns cause redness, swelling and pain.
  • Just the top layer of the skin is harmed.
  • May contain blisters.
  • Heals in 7 to 10 days.

 

Second Degree Burn

  • Both layers of skin are damaged to some extent and show red streaks.
  • Severe and intense pain.
  • Heal in 6 weeks.

 

Third Degree Burn

  • Intense burn causes skin to burn off and expose flesh.
  • Extreme skin damage kills nerves that receive pain.
  • Dry and rubbery skin.
  • May need skin grafting / flap coverage.

Burn Management in Adults

The “Rule of 9’s” is commonly used to estimate the burned surface area in adults.

 

Burn Management in Children

The ‘Rule of 9’s’ method is too imprecise for estimating the burned surface area in children because the infant or young child’s head and lower extremities represent different proportions of surface area than in an adult.